Discoid lupus and hair loss are linked. It does not harm the organs like systemic lupus does, but it does harm the skin, like the scalp.
Some of the complications that discoid lupus causes on the skin is permanent hair loss, unless you take appropriate steps.
On the other hand, systemic lupus creates a thin hair on the scalp, although rarely the person lose large amounts of hair.
So far I have considered two types of lupus. Will there be any other? Let's see.
Although I have considered two, the total types of lupus are four. Let's see them one by one.
1) Discoid Lupus Erythematosus-A chronic irritation in the form of discs, especially on the scalp. Hence its name discoid lupus. After the irritation, scars are formed, where unfortunately, hair won't grow back once it is lost.
2) Drug Induced Lupus-The name says it all. It is a type of lupus that is caused by drugs or medications.
3) Subacute Cutaneous Erythematosus-This kind of lupus forms sores and inflammation in the skin, when the one that has it is exposed to the sun. It affects different organs.
4) Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE-Though the most common, it is difficult to detect, because there's no specific study that does it. It could affect every organ of the body. It is not contagious.
Of these four, the most dangerous to your scalp is discoid lupus, because disc-shaped scars do form. If left untreated, hair will never grow back.
According to Healthline.com discoid lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease. It is accompanied by a severe skin rash, which gets worse the longer you expose to the sun.
It's like marking cattle with a branding iron. Where the mark is done, hair will never grow back, so the loss of hair becomes permanent.
Similarly, discoid lupus is untreated, does the same to the scalp. If the scar forms on your scalp, you are doomed, because the hair won’t come back.
That's why is so important to see your doctor as soon as you see any of the symptoms.
On the case of systemic lupus. with the proper treatment, even if you've lost some of your hair, you can recover it.
The exact causes of discoid lupus are not known. There is a possibility that it has to do with genetics, as well as hormonal, and environmental factors.
As for the environmental factors, exposure to sunlight, as cigarette smoke, either the one who's smoking, or those around him.
The number of women with lupus is more than 90 percent of all cases. African-Americans are three times more likely to get lupus than Caucasians.
It is known that discoid lupus is an
autoimmune disease, but not contagious. It is limited to the skin, not to other
body organs. But, one thing is for sure, discoid lupus and hair loss are
There are symptoms of discoid lupus that can be mistaken for eczema or plaque psoriasis. Therefore, it is important that the person see their doctor as soon as they see one or more of the following symptoms:
· Scaly or crusty rash in one or several parts of the body- Especially the parts of the body that are most exposed to the sun, such as the face, the back part of the hands, the neck and the scalp.
· Pain or itching in the affected area.
· Round lesions.
· Hair loss patches- Remember that discoid lupus and hair loss are connected. That loss can be permanent.
· Thinning of the skin-Except on the scalp, that it could happen quite the opposite.
· Brittle or bent nails.
· Thick scales on different parts of the body.
· Lesions or ulcers on the lips, inside or outside.
· Changes in skin color, ranging from red
Discoid lupus doesn’t have a permanent cure. But the best treatments available are:
· Anti-malarial oral treatment, as hydroxychloroquine. That will reduce the recurrence of the disease; the damage to the skin and to absorb the UV light. One of the skin's worst enemies.
· Prescribed corticosteroids injections, applied around or on the lesions.
· Creams or steroid ointments to reduce inflammation, redness and to improve appearance of the skin.
· Immunomodulators decrease the body's immunological response, since discoid lupus is an autoimmune disease.
· Anti-inflammatory non steroid
medications like aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen, or the ones doctor prescribes.
There are other things you can do to get discoid lupus and hair loss on check, such as:
· Take Vitamin C. This vitamin is well known to boost the immunological system and helping to heal wounds.
· Eating foods that contains high amounts of omega 3 acids, like chia seed, sardines, seafood, walnuts, salmon, olives, flaxseeds, and so on. All these foods will soothe the inflammation caused by any kind of lupus.
· Avoiding unnecessary exposure to the sun, or if you have to be in outer activities, protecting from the UV rays using a good sun blocker, or hat, and covering to avoid further scorching of the lesions.
Treating discoid lupus and hair loss is not an easy task. But if you are positive and determined, you can control this disease that don't have a cure yet. For a more complete information about the causes of hair loss, click here.
Remember, discoid lupus is like a rancher with a branding iron in his hand, chasing whoever dares in his path. So if you have any of the symptoms, see your doctor.