This is the third article in a series of four. Here you will know how far go the fungal infections creating havoc in your hair and scalp. You will also see how genetics, hairstyles, and hormones are causes of hair loss as well.
I am sure that you would not be surprised, to note that fungal infection scalp, to be one of the causes of hair loss, because if there's a fungus infection on the head, it is almost certain that it will also affects the hair follicles. There are four types of fungi that affect the scalp:
· Black Piedra caused by a fungus called Piedraia Hortae , forms soft black nodules in the hair shaft. The word piedra means stone in spanish. Could affect scalp hair, facial, axillary, and pubic hair. Most common in Central Africa Europe, the Orient and South America.
· Scalp Yeast occurs when a type of fungal infection called Candida Albicans is present. This fungus develops rapidly within the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, under nails, the pelvic area, on the scalp, or whatever there is moist in the body. This can cause hair loss either on bald patches, or over the entire head.
· Tinea Capitis also known as Ringworm is a scalp infection caused by fungus. Don't be confused here thinking that ringworm is due to a worm. Occurs mostly in children, especially in the Caribbean and Africa.
· Tinea Versicolor is a mold like fungus called Malassezia that changes in different colors of the skin. It can cause infection of the hair follicles. In some cases the condition is wrongly diagnosed as Seborrheic Dermatitis, or Folliculitis.
· White Piedra is a Black Piedra close relative, but is a rare fungal infection. It is caused by a yeast-type fungus named Trichosporon. It produces tiny nodules pearl shape, ranging from white to tan around the hair shaft. It tends to itch and causes some pain, even though it is not contagious.
If hair loss is roaming around in your family, there's a good chance that you suffer from one of the more common causes of hair loss. A genetic hair loss condition, called male pattern baldness. Other name for the condition is hereditary-pattern baldness. So the name says it all.
In women is called, female pattern baldness. The signs are bald spots and a receding hairline. While in women it becomes visible as thinning hair.
Some people believe male pattern baldness, and female pattern baldness, are not really the cause of hair loss. They think these are natural conditions, as we age.
But think about it for a moment. If these conditions are natural, why do we worry so much about it? If it's natural we would just accept it, and that's it, but we don't.
Hereditary-pattern baldness is a condition that starts at 20's or 30's and affects the 40 percent of the male population, but almost anyone can experience some degree of hair loss as we age.
Is caused by hormonal disorders, age, and hereditary reasons. The common believe is that this kind of pattern baldness comes from the genes of the mother's side, but investigators say that this condition is caused by the genes of both parents.
Certain hairstyles, especially the ones to pull on the hair tight, are responsible for people losing their hair. What are the things that put you on the risk of getting hair loss?
Examine carefully this list, and see if there is at least one of these points you should consider, in order to discover the cause of your hair loss. Some of the hairstyles that cause tension to the hair, lead to traction alopecia, such as:
· alcohol-based gels
· curling irons
· excessive hairdryer or blower
· hair bands, hair clips or head ties
· hot oil treatments
· sprays that clog the hair follicles
· tight pigtails or ponytails
· weaves or hair extensions
Hormones hair loss are strongly related, especially in women. They are linked to changes and factors like:
· Childbirth or Postpartum Alopecia
· Estrogen Dominance
· Low Progesterone Levels
· Insulin Resistance
· Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or PCOS
· Thyroid Gland Imbalance
DHT, or 5a-dihydrotestosterone is a derivative of testosterone, an androgen-male hormone. In men, DHT causes hair follicles to shrink, regress, and die, which leads to premature balding.
Testosterone is not exclusive to men, because women also have some levels in their bodies. Therefore, they also experience the conversion of testosterone into DHT. Unfortunately for women, even a small part of this process causes them to suffer hair loss as well as men.