Causes of Hair Loss(Part 3)

It is the third article in a series of four. Here you will know how far the fungal infections are creating havoc in your hair and scalp. You will also see how genetics, hairstyles, and hormones are causes of hair loss as well.

Fungal Infection Scalp

I am sure that you would not be surprised to note that fungal infection scalp, to be one of the causes of hair loss because if there's a fungus infection on the head, it is almost sure that it will also affect the hair follicles. There are four types of fungi that affect the scalp:

            ·    Black Piedra caused by a fungus called Piedraia Hortae forms soft black nodules in the hair shaft. The word piedra means stone in Spanish. It could affect scalp hair, facial, axillary, and pubic hair. Most common in Central Africa, Europe, the Orient, and South America.

            ·    Scalp Yeast occurs when a fungal infection called Candida Albicans is present. This fungus develops rapidly within the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, under nails, the pelvic area, on the scalp, or whatever it is moist in the body. It can cause hair loss either on bald patches or over the entire head.

            ·    Tinea Capitis, also known as Ringworm, is a scalp infection caused by fungus. Don't be confused here thinking that Ringworm is due to a worm. It occurs mainly in children, especially in the Caribbean and Africa.

            ·    Tinea Versicolor is a mold-like fungus also called Malassezia that changes in different colors of the skin. It can cause infection of the hair follicles. In some cases, the condition has a wrong diagnosis as Seborrheic Dermatitis or Folliculitis.          

            ·    White Piedra is a Black Piedra close relative but is a rare fungal infection. Its cause is a yeast-type fungus named Trichosporon. It produces tiny nodules pearl shape, ranging from white to tan around the hair shaft. It tends to itch and causes some pain, even though it is not contagious.

Ringworm Scalp InfectionRingworm Scalp Infection

Genetic Hair Loss

If hair loss is roaming around in your family, there's a good chance that you suffer from one of the more common causes of hair loss. Male pattern baldness is a genetic hair loss condition, which is also known as hereditary-pattern baldness. So the name says it all.

In women is called female pattern baldness. The signs are bald spots and a receding hairline. While in women, it becomes visible as thinning hair.

Some people believe male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness are not the cause of hair loss. They think these are natural conditions as we age.

But think about it for a moment. If these conditions are natural, why do we worry so much about them? If it's natural, we will accept it, and that's it, but we don't.

Hereditary-pattern baldness is a condition that starts in the 20s or 30s and affects 40 percent of the male population. Still, almost anyone can experience some degree of hair loss as we age.

The causes are hormonal disorders, age, and hereditary reasons. The common belief is that this kind of pattern baldness comes from the genes of the mother's side, but investigators say that the genes of both parents cause this condition.

Can Hairstyle Cause Hair Loss

Certain hairstyles, especially those to pull on the hair tight, are responsible for losing their hair. What are the things that put you at the risk of getting hair loss?

Sift through this list, and see if there is at least one of these points you should consider discovering the cause of your hair loss. Some of the hairstyles that cause tension to the hair lead to traction alopecia, such as:

Some of the hairstyles that cause tension to the hair lead to traction alopecia to, such as:

            ·    alcohol-based gels         

            ·    braids

            ·    cornrows

            ·    curling irons

            ·    dreadlocks

            ·    excessive hairdryer or blower

            ·    hair bands, hair clips, or head ties

            ·    hot oil treatments

            ·    permanents

            ·    sprays that clog the hair follicles

            ·    strengtheners

            ·    tight pigtails or ponytails

            ·    weaves or hair extensions

BraidsBraids

Hormone Hair Loss

Hormone hair loss is widespread, especially in women. They are related to changes and factors like:

            ·    Childbirth or Postpartum Alopecia

            ·    DHT

            ·    Estrogen Dominance

            ·    Hypopituitarism

            ·    Low Progesterone Levels

            ·    Insulin Resistance 

            ·    Menopause

            ·    Perimenopause

            ·    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or PCOS

            ·    Pregnancy

            ·    Thyroid Gland Imbalance

DHT or 5a-dihydrotestosterone is a derivative of testosterone, an androgen-male hormone. In men, DHT causes hair follicles to shrink, regress, and die, which leads to premature balding.

Testosterone is not exclusive to men because women also have some levels in their bodies. Therefore, they also experience the conversion of testosterone into DHT. Unfortunately for women, even a tiny part of this process causes them to suffer hair loss and men.